The New Jersey state flower is the Common Meadow Violet. Viola sororia is a stemless herbaceous perennial plant that is native to eastern North America. It is known by a number of common names including; Common Meadow Violet, Purple Violet, Woolly Blue Violet, Hooded Violet and Wood Violet. It’s also the state flower of Wisconsin, Illinois and Rhode Island.
The state flower of New Jersey was originally designated as such by a resolution of the Legislature in 1913. Unfortunately the force of resolution ended with the start of the 1914 legislative session, leaving the violet with uncertain status for the next fifty years. In 1963 an attempt was made to have the Legislature “officially” designate the violet as the state flower, but the legislation apparently failed. In 1971, at the urging of New Jersey’s garden clubs, legislation more specifically designating the Common Meadow Violet (Viola sororia) as the state flower was enacted.
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